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Nysa - tourism in Nysa, map, photos, description, tourist attractions and hotels

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Nysa

city

Location

50o29' N   17o20' E

Opole voivodeship

nyski poviat

Nysa commune

Opole region


General information

Elevation AMSL 195m

Area 27 km2

Population 46800

Area code 0-77

Car plates ONY

Postal codes:
48-300, 48-303, 48-304


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Nysa

 
  • Nysa is a district town located in the southern part of Opolskie Voivodeship (Province) on the Nysa Kłodzka River, Sudetian Foreland (Przedgórze Sudeckie). There are two water basins nearby: Nysa Lake and Otmuchów Lake.

    History of the Nysa land dates back to the beginnings of the Polish state. The first references to the town appear in the papal edict from 1155 in which Hadrian IV mentions Otmuchów. The settlement, together with located nearby Bardo, constituted a group of settlements which strengthen the southern border of the Silesian district.

    The document issued in 1223 mentions the voivode's office characteristic to the towns based on Flemish law - the same according to which Nysa has been founded; it allows us to assume that Nysa received town charter no later than 1223.

    In the first half of the 14th century, the Silesian counties sworn an oath of fealty to the Czech King, becoming in this way the property of the Czech Kingdom. The Duchy of Nysa started to pay home fealty in 1351. As a result, the Silesia region lost its connection with the Polish Kingdom and found itself under the rule of the Czech Kingdom.

    In 1742, due to the outbreak of the Austrian-Prussian Wars of 1740, Nysa, together with Silesia, was passed under the Prussian rule. The Duchy was divided into two separate parts.

    The consequences of the Prussian reign were overwhelmingly negative; the existing for ages economic bonds between the Nysa and Czech Kingdom, Moravia and other Austrain districts were broken.

    After the French-Prussian War, in 1874 a new town hall was built in the place of a dismantled church of the Magdalene Sisters; other buildings which were built at that time (usually in a Prussian barrack-style) were: the seat of the local government, railway station, post office, hospital and schools.

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